Effects of a Community Care Station Program With Structured Exercise Intervention on Physical Performance and Balance in Community-Dwelling Older Adults: A Prospective 2-Year Observational Study

in Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
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The Taiwanese government has developed community care stations (CCSs) for community-based older adult care. We investigated the effects of a structured exercise intervention, applied at CCS for 6 months, on physical performance and balance in community-dwelling older adults, including a 2-year reassessment. Fifty-eight participants (aged 76.9 ± 6.3 years) participated in the study. The Elderly Mobility Scale, Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB), Timed Up and Go (TUG), gait speed, functional reach, one-leg-stance (OLS), and flexibility were evaluated at baseline, 6 months, and 2 years. Compared with baseline, the participants improved significantly in the SPPB (0.93 points), TUG (1.94 s), gait speed (0.13 m/s), and right and left OLS (2.56 and 3.12 s) at 6 months. Furthermore, these significant effects, except for OLS, were maintained at the 2-year reassessment according to repeated-measures ANOVA (p < .01). Our preliminary data suggest that adding a structured exercise program can benefit older adults participating in Taiwanese CCSs.

Liang and Hung are with the Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Buddhist Tzu Chi General Hospital, Hualien, Taiwan; and Department of Medicine, Tzu Chi University, Hualien, Taiwan. Change, Lin, and Wei are with the Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Buddhist Tzu Chi General Hospital, Hualien, Taiwan. C.-C. Chen is with the Department of Family Medicine, Buddhist Tzu Chi General Hospital, Hualien, Taiwan. J.-C. Chen is with the Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Buddhist Tzu Chi General Hospital, Hualien, Taiwan; and Department of Physical Therapy, Tzu Chi University, Hualien, Taiwan.

Address author correspondence to Jia-Ching Chen at c123010@yahoo.com.tw.
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