Testing a Model of Successful Aging in a Cohort of Masters Swimmers

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Due to their high physical functioning, masters athletes are regularly proposed to exemplify successful aging. However, successful aging research on masters athletes has never been undertaken using a multidimensional successful aging model. To determine the best model for future successful aging research on masters athletes, we had masters swimmers (N = 169, M age = 57.4 years, 61% women) self-report subjective successful aging, and physical, psychological, cognitive, and social functioning. Using this data we tested one hypothesized and three alternative successful aging models. The hypothesized model fit the data best (-2LL = 2052.32, AIC = 1717) with physical (β = 0.31, SE = 0.11), psychological (β = 0.25, SE = 0.11), and social (β = 1.20, SE = 0.63) functioning factors significantly loading onto a higher order successful aging latent factor. Successful aging should be conceptualized as a multidimensional phenomenon in future masters athlete research.

Geard is with the School of Medical and Applied Sciences, CQUniversity, Rockhampton, Queensland, Australia. Rebar is with the School of Human Health and Social Sciences, CQUniversity, Rockhampton, Queensland, Australia. Reaburn is with the School of Medical and Applied Sciences, CQUniversity, Rockhampton, Queensland, Australia; and is now with Bond Institute of Health and Sport, Bond University, Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia. Dionigi is with the School of Exercise Science, Sport and Health, Charles Sturt University, Bathurst, New South Wales, Australia.

Address author correspondence to David Geard at d.geard@cqu.edu.au.
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