Effectiveness of Tai Chi on Cardiac Autonomic Function and Symptomatology in Women With Fibromyalgia: A Randomized Controlled Trial

in Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
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The present study examined the effects of a 12-week Tai Chi (TC) training regimen on heart rate variability (HRV), symptomatology, muscle fitness and body composition in women with fibromyalgia. Participants were randomly assigned to either a TC training group (n = 18) or a control group (n = 19). HRV, symptomatology, muscle fitness and body composition were measured before and after 12 weeks. There were significant decreases (p < 0.05) in sympathovagal balance (LnLF/LnHF), sympathetic tone (LnLF, nLF), pain, and fatigue, and significant increases (p < 0.05) in parasympathetic tone (LnHF, nHF), strength and flexibility following TC compared with no changes after control. The changes in LnLF and LnLF/LnHF were correlated with changes in pain. There were no significant changes in HR, sleep quality and body composition after TC or control. TC may be an effective therapeutic intervention for improving sympathovagal balance, pain, fatigue, strength and flexibility in women with fibromyalgia.

Wong is with the Dept. of Health and Human Performance, Marymount University, Arlington, VA. Figueroa is with the Dept. of Kinesiology and Sport Management, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX. Sanchez-Gonzalez is with the Division of Clinical & Translational Research, Larkin Community Hospital, South Miami, FL. Son is with the Dept. of Physical Education, Pusan National University, Busan, Korea. Chernykh is with the Dept. of Philosophy, Nosov Magnitogorsk State Technical University, Magnitogorsk, Russia. Park is with the Dept. of Physical Education, Pusan National University, Busan, Korea; The School of Health and Kinesiology, University of Nebraska-Omaha, Omaha, NE; and the Dept. of Cardiology, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA.

Address author correspondence to Song-Young Park at songpark@bu.edu.
Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
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