Text Messages Promoting Mental Imagery Increase Self-Reported Physical Activity in Older Adults: A Randomized Controlled Study

in Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
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Objective: This study tested whether text messages prompting adults 50 years of age and older to perform mental imagery would increase aerobic physical activity (APA) duration using a randomized parallel trial design. Method: Participants were assigned to an Imagery 1, Imagery 2, or placebo group. For 4 weeks, each group was exposed to two conditions (morning text message vs. no morning text message). In the morning message condition, the imagery groups received a text message with the instruction to mentally imagine performing an APA, and the placebo group received a placebo message. All participants received an evening text message of “Did you do your cardio today? If yes, what did you do?” for 3 days per week. Results: Participants of the imagery groups reported significantly more weekly minutes of APA in the morning text message condition compared with the no morning message condition. Conclusion: Electronic messages were effective at increasing minutes of APA.

Robin, Coudevylle, Ruart, Hue, and Sinnapah are with Faculté des Sciences du Sport, Université des Antilles, Pointe-à-Pitre, France. Robin is also with Laboratoire “Adaptation au Climat Tropical, Exercice & Santé” (UPRES EA 3596), Université des Antilles, Pointe-à-Pitre, France. Toussaint is with Université François Rabelais de Tours, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Centre de Recherches sur la Cognition et l’Apprentissage, Université de Poitiers, Poitiers, France.

Address author correspondence to Nicolas Robin at robin.nicolas@hotmail.fr.
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