Factors Associated With the Setting of Health-Related Goals Among Community-Dwelling Older People

in Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
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This study aimed to summarize the function-related goals set by older people, and to explore gender differences in goal selection and associations between balance-related goals and fall history, self-rated balance, and fear of falling. We included community-dwelling people aged 60 years and older participating in two randomized controlled trials. Participants nominated two function-related goals, which were summarized into components of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health. Chi-square analyses were used to explore associations between goal types and participant characteristics. Goals related to recreation and leisure and walking were the most common function-related goals selected. Men and women set similar goals. Participants who had poor/fair self-reported balance were more likely to set a balance-related goal than people with good self-rated balance. In contrast, fallers and participants who had a fear of falling were not more likely to select a balance-related goal than nonfallers and participants who had no fear of falling, respectively.

Oliveira, Sherrington, Ramsay, Kirkham, and Tiedemann are with Sydney Medical School, The University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia. Hassett is with Sydney Medical School, Faculty of Health Sciences, The University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia. Manning is with School of Biomedical Sciences, Charles Sturt University, Orange, Australia.

Address author correspondence to Juliana S. Oliveira at juliana.oliveira@sydney.edu.au.
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