Psychometric Properties of the Modified Social Environment Questionnaire in Chinese Older Adults

in Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
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This study evaluated the psychometric properties of a Chinese version of the 24-item Social Environment Questionnaire (SEQ-C). Confirmatory factor analysis was used to examine the factor validity and measurement invariance (Purpose 1) of the SEQ-C in 453 older adults in Hong Kong. Convergent validity (Purpose 2) and test–retest reliability (Purpose 3) were also measured. The results of the confirmatory factor analysis and measurement invariance supported the four-factor structure (representing companionship, encouragement, neighborhood social cohesion, and role models) of the SEQ-C, in a 15-item model that closely fitted the data. The SEQ-C was also found to have acceptable to satisfactory internal consistency, test–retest reliability, composite reliability, and moderate convergent validity in correlating perceived social support. This study showed that the SEQ-C is a suitable means of measuring the social environments of older adults in Hong Kong.

Leung, Chung, Yuen, and Liu are with the Dept. of Physical Education, Hong Kong Baptist University, Kowloon Tong, Kowloon, Hong Kong. Wang is with the Dept. of Geography, Hong Kong Baptist University, Kowloon Tong, Kowloon, Hong Kong.

Address author correspondence to Ka-Man Leung at kmleung@hkbu.edu.hk.
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