Age Does Not Attenuate Maximal Velocity Adaptations in the Ipsilateral and Contralateral Limbs During Unilateral Resistance Training

in Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
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This study examined the effects of unilateral resistance training (RT) on maximal velocity parameters in the ipsilateral and contralateral legs in young and older males. Young (n = 22; age = 21.55 ± 2.23 years) and older (n = 20; age = 65.10 ± 9.65 years) males were assigned to training or control groups. Unilateral isokinetic RT of the knee extensors was performed for 4 weeks. Peak velocity and acceleration were identified during a dynamic maximal voluntary contraction before (PRE), at Week 2 (MID), and after Week 4 (POST) of RT. Age-independent increases in peak velocity (1.5%) and acceleration (4.5%) were demonstrated at POST for the trained leg. For the untrained leg, acceleration increased (4.3%) at POST similarly between training groups. These findings provide evidence for the high degree of neuromuscular plasticity, regardless of age, during the early phase of RT, and the potential for cross education of acceleration.

Hester and Olmos are with the Dept. of Exercise Science and Sport Management, Kennesaw State University, Kennesaw, GA. Pope, Magrini, Colquhoun, Barrera-Curiel, Estrada, and DeFreitas are with the Applied Neuromuscular Physiology Laboratory, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK.

Address author correspondence to Jason M. DeFreitas at jason.defreitas@okstate.edu.
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