Exploring Factors Associated With Physical Activity in Older Adults: An Ecological Approach

in Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
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According to ecological models of behavior, the physical environment can influence physical activity engagement by a series of mediating and moderating processes. This study tested such a model to identify factors relevant to older adults’ engagement in moderate–vigorous physical activity. Sociodemographic, psychological, physical, and environmental factors were assessed in 432 Western Australians aged 60 and older. Moderate–vigorous physical activity was measured objectively using accelerometers. No environmental variables were related to engagement in moderate–vigorous physical activity either directly or indirectly. However, various individual-level factors were significant, indicating that these may be more important than environmental factors in locations such as Australia that have generally conducive environments and ambient conditions.

Rai, Jongenelis, and Pettigrew are with the School of Psychology, Curtin University, Bentley, Western Australia, Australia. Jackson is with the School of Human Sciences (Exercise and Sport Science), The University of Western Australia, Crawley, Western Australia, Australia. Newton is with the School of Medical and Health Sciences, Edith Cowan University, Joondaloop, Western Australia, Australia.

Address author correspondence to Michelle I. Jongenelis at michelle.jongenelis@curtin.edu.au.
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