The Social Context of Sedentary Behaviors and Their Relationships With Health in Later Life

in Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
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This study examined sedentary behaviors among older adults and explored associations with social context and health measures using cross-sectional data from the National Health and Aging Trends Study (N = 1,687). Multivariate models were estimated to explore associations of time in six sedentary behaviors (i.e., television watching, sitting and talking, hobbies, computer use, driving, and resting) with sociodemographic characteristics and level of social engagement and with health status. Results indicated substantial variability in sedentary behaviors, with television watching being the most frequent and resting the least frequent activities. Sedentary behaviors varied by sociodemographic characteristics, including age, race/ethnicity, and education, as well as by level of social engagement. Television watching and resting, but not other behaviors, were associated with poorer health. These findings help to unpack the role of social context in sedentary behaviors and could inform public health interventions aimed at reducing time spent in behaviors that are adversely associated with health.

Russell is with the Department of Sociology, Appalachian State University, Boone, NC. Chase is with the Sinclair School of Nursing, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO.

Russell (russelldj@appstate.edu) is corresponding author.
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