Social Interaction in Walking Groups and Affective Responses Among Japanese Older Adults

in Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
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This study examined whether satisfaction with social interactions and the number of people interacted with during walking groups is associated with affective responses among older adults. Twenty-six older adults were asked to participate in five walking group sessions. The participants walked together for 40–50 min. In every session, the participants reported their affective responses to walking (positive engagement, tranquility, and negative affect), their level of satisfaction with the social interactions experienced, and the number of people interacted with during the walk. The available data were from 107 person-sessions. Multilevel models revealed that, although a higher number of people interacted with was not significantly associated with improvements in any affective responses, higher satisfaction with the interactions was significantly associated with improvements in positive engagement at both the within- and between-person levels. This study found that higher satisfaction with the interactions was associated with desirable affective responses among older adults.

The authors are with Active Aging Research Hub, Graduate School of Human Development and Environment, Kobe University, Kobe City, Hyogo, Japan.

Harada (harada@harbor.kobe-u.ac.jp) is corresponding author.
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