Hemodynamic Function of Forearm Muscle in Postmenopausal Women With Type 2 Diabetes

in Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
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Changes in the hemodynamic function of muscle are speculated as a causal mechanism for reduced motor capabilities with aging in Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). The focus of this study was to evaluate changes in muscle oxygenation during sustained force production in postmenopausal women with DM compared with controls. Near-infrared spectroscopy was used to monitor deoxyhemoglobin and oxyhemoglobin in the flexor digitorum superficialis. Sensorimotor function and health state covariates were also assessed. Increased deoxyhemoglobin was found during force production, whereas oxyhemoglobin remained constant. Changes were found in the time structure of the hemodynamic data during force production. No between-group differences were found; instead, measures covaried with the health state. Sex-based differences in the manifestation of DM-related sensorimotor dysfunction are likely. These data indicate that basic cardiovascular health measures may be more beneficial to monitoring hyperemic status and muscle function in postmenopausal women with DM, compared with DM diagnosis.

Pollonini is with the Department of Engineering Technology, University of Houston, Houston, TX, USA. Gulley Cox and Gorniak are with the Center for Neuromotor and Biomechanics Research, University of Houston, Houston, TX, USA; and Department of Health and Human Performance, University of Houston, Houston, TX, USA.

Gorniak (sgorniak@uh.edu) is corresponding author.
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