Neighborhood Resources Associated With Active Travel in Older Adults—A Cohort Study in Six European Countries

in Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Restricted access

Purchase article

USD  $24.95

Student 1 year online subscription

USD  $77.00

1 year online subscription

USD  $103.00

Student 2 year online subscription

USD  $147.00

2 year online subscription

USD  $196.00

Objectives: To study associations between perceived neighborhood resources and time spent by older adults in active travel. Methods: Respondents in six European countries, aged 65–85 years, reported on the perceived presence of neighborhood resources (parks, places to sit, public transportation, and facilities) with response options “a lot,” “some,” and “not at all.” Daily active travel time (total minutes of transport-related walking and cycling) was self-reported at the baseline (n = 2,695) and 12–18 months later (n = 2,189). Results: Reporting a lot of any of the separate resources (range B’s = 0.19–0.29) and some or a lot for all four resources (B = 0.22, 95% confidence interval [0.09, 0.35]) was associated with longer active travel time than reporting none or fewer resources. Associations remained over the follow-up, but the changes in travel time were similar, regardless of the neighborhood resources. Discussion: Perceiving multiple neighborhood resources may support older adults’ active travel. Potential interventions, for example, the provision of new resources or increasing awareness of existing resources, require further study.

Portegijs is with the Faculty of Sport and Health Sciences and Gerontology Research Center, University of Jyvaskyla, Jyväskylä, Finland. Timmermans, van der Pas, van Schoor, and Deeg are with the Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Amsterdam University Medical Center, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam Public Health Research Institute, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Castell is with the Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Unit of Primary Care and Family Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Madrid, Spain. Castell is also with the Doctor Castroviejo Primary Care Health University Center, Northern Primary Care Health Directorate, Madrid, Spain; and Hospital La Paz Institute for Health Research (IdiPAZ), Madrid, Spain. Dennison is with the MRC Lifecourse Epidemiology Unit, University of Southampton, Southampton, United Kingdom. Herbolsheimer is with the Department of Gerontology, Simon Fraser University, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. Limongi is with National Research Council, Aging Branch, Institute of Neuroscience, Padua, Italy. van der Pas is also with the Faculty of Social Work and Applied Psychology, University of Applied Sciences Leiden, Leiden, The Netherlands. Schaap is with the Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Science, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Amsterdam Public Health Research Institute, Amsterdam, the Netherlands.

Portegijs (erja.portegijs@jyu.fi) is corresponding author.
  • Barnett, D.W., Barnett, A., Nathan, A., Van Cauwenberg, J., Cerin, E., & Council on Environment and Physical Activity (CEPA). (2017). Built environmental correlates of older adults’ total physical activity and walking: A systematic review and meta-analysis. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 14(1), 103. PubMed ID: 28784183 doi:10.1186/s12966-017-0558-z

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Buffel, T., & Phillipson, C. (2018). A manifesto for the age-friendly movement: Developing a new urban agenda. Journal of Aging & Social Policy, 30(2), 173192. PubMed ID: 29364777 doi:10.1080/08959420.2018.1430414

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Cao, X. (2014). Residential self-selection in the relationships between the built environment and travel behavior: Introduction to the special issue. Journal of Transport and Land Use, 7(3), 13. doi:10.5198/jtlu.v7i3.726

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Cerin, E., Nathan, A., van Cauwenberg, J., Barnett, D.W., Barnett, A., & Council on Environment and Physical Activity (CEPA). (2017). The neighbourhood physical environment and active travel in older adults: A systematic review and meta-analysis. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 14(1), 15. PubMed ID: 28166790 doi:10.1186/s12966-017-0471-5

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Christiansen, L.B., Madsen, T., Schipperijn, J., Ersboll, A.K., & Troelsen, J. (2014). Variations in active transport behavior among different neighborhoods and across adult life stages. Journal of Transport & Health, 1(4), 316325. PubMed ID: 25506554 doi:10.1016/j.jth.2014.10.002

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Chudyk, A.M., Winters, M., Moniruzzaman, M., Ashe, M.C., Gould, J.S., & McKay, H. (2015). Destinations matter: The association between where older adults live and their travel behavior. Journal of Transport & Health, 2(1), 5057. PubMed ID: 27104147 doi:10.1016/j.jth.2014.09.008

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Davis, M.G., Fox, K.R., Hillsdon, M., Coulson, J.C., Sharp, D.J., Stathi, A., & Thompson, J.L. (2011). Getting out and about in older adults: The nature of daily trips and their association with objectively assessed physical activity. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 8, 116. PubMed ID: 22018626 doi:10.1186/1479-5868-8-116

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Ding, D., Sallis, J.F., Norman, G.J., Frank, L.D., Saelens, B.E., Kerr, J., . . . King, A.C. (2014). Neighborhood environment and physical activity among older adults: Do the relationships differ by driving status? Journal of Aging and Physical Activity, 22(3), 421431. PubMed ID: 24084049. doi:10.1123/japa.2012-0332

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Edwards, M.H., van der Pas, S., Denkinger, M.D., Parsons, C., Jameson, K.A., Schaap, L., . . . Dennison, E. (2014). Relationships between physical performance and knee and hip osteoarthritis: Findings from the European project on osteoarthritis (EPOSA). Age and Ageing, 43(6), 806813. PubMed ID: 24918169 doi:10.1093/ageing/afu068

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Fishman, E., Bocker, L., & Helbich, M. (2015). Adult active transport in the Netherlands: An analysis of its contribution to physical activity requirements. PLoS One, 10(4), e0121871. PubMed ID: 25849902 doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0121871

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Gauvin, L., Richard, L., Kestens, Y., Shatenstein, B., Daniel, M., Moore, S.D., . . . Payette, H. (2012). Living in a well-serviced urban area is associated with maintenance of frequent walking among seniors in the VoisiNuAge study. The Journals of Gerontology, Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 67(1), 7688. PubMed ID: 22227735 doi:10.1093/geronb/gbr134

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Guralnik, J.M., Simonsick, E.M., Ferrucci, L., Glynn, R.J., Berkman, L.F., Blazer, D.G., . . . Wallace, R.B. (1994). A short physical performance battery assessing lower extremity function: Association with self-reported disability and prediction of mortality and nursing home admission. Journal of Gerontology, 49(2), M85M94. PubMed ID: 8126356 doi:10.1093/geronj/49.2.m85

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Hinrichs, T., Keskinen, K.E., Pavelka, B., Eronen, J., Schmidt-Trucksass, A., Rantanen, T., . . . Portegijs, E. (2019). Perception of parks and trails as mobility facilitators and transportation walking in older adults: A study using digital geographical maps. Aging Clinical and Experimental Research, 31(5), 673683. PubMed ID: 30666515 doi:10.1007/s40520-018-01115-0

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Keskinen, K.E., Rantakokko, M., Suomi, K., Rantanen, T., & Portegijs, E. (2018). Nature as a facilitator for physical activity: Defining relationships between the objective and perceived environment and physical activity among community-dwelling older people. Health & Place, 49, 111119. PubMed ID: 29306140 doi:10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.12.003

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Keysor, J., Jette, A., & Haley, S. (2005). Development of the home and community environment (HACE) instrument. Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, 37(1), 3744. PubMed ID: 15788331 doi:10.1080/16501970410014830

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Klenk, J., Buchele, G., Rapp, K., Franke, S., Peter, R., & ActiFE Study Group. (2012). Walking on sunshine: Effect of weather conditions on physical activity in older people. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health, 66(5), 474476. PubMed ID: 21325149 doi:10.1136/jech.2010.128090

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Lawton, M.P., & Nahemow, L. (1973). Ecology and aging process. In C. Eisdorfer & M.P. Lawton (Eds.), The psychology of adult development and aging (pp. 619674). Washington, DC: American Psychology Association.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Levasseur, M., Genereux, M., Bruneau, J.F., Vanasse, A., Chabot, E., Beaulac, C., . . . Bedard, M.M. (2015). Importance of proximity to resources, social support, transportation, and neighborhood security for mobility and social participation in older adults: Results from a scoping study. BMC Public Health, 15, 503. PubMed ID: 26002342 doi:10.1186/s12889-015-1824-0

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Lubs, L., Peplies, J., Drell, C., & Bammann, K. (2018). Cross-sectional and longitudinal factors influencing physical activity of 65- to 75-year-olds: A pan European cohort study based on the survey of health, ageing and retirement in Europe (SHARE). BMC Geriatrics, 18(1), 94. PubMed ID: 29661154 doi:10.1186/s12877-018-0781-8

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • McCormack, G.R., Giles-Corti, B., & Bulsara, M. (2008). The relationship between destination proximity, destination mix and physical activity behaviors. Preventive Medicine, 46(1), 3340. PubMed ID: 17481721 doi:10.1016/j.ypmed.2007.01.013

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Ottoni, C.A., Sims-Gould, J., Winters, M., Heijnen, M., & McKay, H.A. (2016). Benches become like porches: Built and social environment influences on older adults’ experiences of mobility and well-being. Social Science & Medicine, 169, 3341. PubMed ID: 27669123 doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2016.08.044

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Pearlin, L.I., & Schooler, C. (1978). The structure of coping. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 19(1), 221. PubMed ID: 649936 doi:10.2307/2136319

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Portegijs, E., Keskinen, K.E., Tsai, L.T., Rantanen, T., & Rantakokko, M. (2017). Physical limitations, walkability, perceived environmental facilitators and physical activity of older adults in Finland. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 14(3), 333. PubMed ID: 28327543 doi:10.3390/ijerph14030333

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Pucher, J., & Buehler, R. (2008). Making cycling irresistible: Lessons learned from the Netherlands, Denmark, and Germany. Transport Reviews, 28(4), 495528. doi:0.1080/01441640701806612

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Rantakokko, M., Iwarsson, S., Portegijs, E., Viljanen, A., & Rantanen, T. (2015). Associations between environmental characteristics and life-space mobility in community-dwelling older people. Journal of Aging and Health, 27(4), 606621. PubMed ID: 25326130 doi:10.1177/0898264314555328

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Satariano, W.A., Guralnik, J.M., Jackson, R.J., Marottoli, R.A., Phelan, E.A., & Prohaska, T.R. (2012). Mobility and aging: New directions for public health action. American Journal of Public Health, 102(8), 15081515. PubMed ID: 22698013 doi:10.2105/AJPH.2011.300631

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Satariano, W.A., Kealey, M., Hubbard, A., Kurtovich, E., Ivey, S.L., Bayles, C.M., . . . Prohaska, T.R. (2016). Mobility disability in older adults: At the intersection of people and places. The Gerontologist, 56(3), 525534. PubMed ID: 25326342 doi:10.1093/geront/gnu094

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Schipperijn, J., Bentsen, P., Troelsen, J., Toftager, M., & Stigsdottir, U.K. (2013). Associations between physical activity and characteristics of urban green space. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, 12(1), 109116. doi:10.1016/j.ufug.2012.12.002

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Schrack, J.A., Cooper, R., Koster, A., Shiroma, E.J., Murabito, J.M., Rejeski, W.J., . . . Harris, T.B. (2016). Assessing daily physical activity in older adults: Unraveling the complexity of monitors, measures, and methods. The Journals of Gerontology, Series A: Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences, 71(8), 10391048. PubMed ID: 26957472 doi:10.1093/gerona/glw026

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Stel, V.S., Smit, J.H., Pluijm, S.M., Visser, M., Deeg, D.J., & Lips, P. (2004). Comparison of the LASA physical activity questionnaire with a 7-day diary and pedometer. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, 57(3), 252258. PubMed ID: 15066685 doi:10.1016/j.jclinepi.2003.07.008

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Sugiyama, T., Cerin, E., Mridha, M., Koohsari, M.J., & Owen, N. (2018). Prospective associations of local destinations and routes with middle-to-older aged adults’ walking. The Gerontologist, 58(1), 121129. PubMed ID: 28575195 doi:10.1093/geront/gnx088

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Vajargah, K.F., & Nikbakht, M. (2015). Application REML model and determining cut off of ICC by multi-level model based on markov chains simulation in health. Indian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Life Sciences, 5(Suppl. 2), 14321448.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Van Cauwenberg, J., Clarys, P., De Bourdeaudhuij, I., Van Holle, V., Verte, D., De Witte, N., . . . Deforche, B. (2012). Physical environmental factors related to walking and cycling in older adults: The Belgian aging studies. BMC Public Health, 12, 142. doi:10.1186/1471-2458-12-142

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Van Cauwenberg, J., Clarys, P., De Bourdeaudhuij, I., Van Holle, V., Verte, D., De Witte, N., . . . Deforche, B. (2013). Older adults’ transportation walking: A cross-sectional study on the cumulative influence of physical environmental factors. International Journal of Health Geographics, 12(1), 37. PubMed ID: 23945285 doi:10.1186/1476-072X-12-37

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Van Cauwenberg, J., De Bourdeaudhuij, I., Clarys, P., Nasar, J., Salmon, J., Goubert, L., . . . Deforche, B. (2016). Street characteristics preferred for transportation walking among older adults: A choice-based conjoint analysis with manipulated photographs. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 13, 6. PubMed ID: 26775290 doi:10.1186/s12966-016-0331-8

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Van der Pas, S., Castell, M.V., Cooper, C., Denkinger, M., Dennison, E.M., Edwards, M.H., . . . Deeg, D.J. (2013). European project on osteoarthritis: Design of a six-cohort study on the personal and societal burden of osteoarthritis in an older European population. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders, 14(1), 138. PubMed ID: 23597054 doi:10.1186/1471-2474-14-138

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Van der Pas, S., Schaap, L.A., Castell, M.V., Cooper, C., Denkinger, M., Edwards, M.H., . . . Deeg, D.J. (2016). Availability and use of neighborhood resources by older people with osteoarthritis: Results from the European project on OSteoArthritis. Health & Place, 37, 17. PubMed ID: 26699445 doi:10.1016/j.healthplace.2015.10.006

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Van Dyck, D., Cerin, E., Conway, T.L., De Bourdeaudhuij, I., Owen, N., Kerr, J., . . . Sallis, J.F. (2012). Perceived neighborhood environmental attributes associated with adults’ transport-related walking and cycling: Findings from the USA, Australia, and Belgium. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 9(1), 70. PubMed ID: 22691723 doi:10.1186/1479-5868-9-70

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Varma, V.R., Tan, E.J., Wang, T., Xue, Q.L., Fried, L.P., Seplaki, C.L., . . . Carlson, M.C. (2014). Low-intensity walking activity is associated with better health. Journal of Applied Gerontology, 33(7), 870887. PubMed ID: 24652915 doi:10.1177/0733464813512896

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Weden, M.M., Carpiano, R.M., & Robert, S.A. (2008). Subjective and objective neighborhood characteristics and adult health. Social Science & Medicine, 66(6), 12561270. PubMed ID: 18248865 doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2007.11.041

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Zeitler, E., Buys, L., Aird, R., & Miller, E. (2012). Mobility and active ageing in suburban environments: Findings from in-depth interviews and person-based GPS tracking. Current Gerontology & Geriatrics Research, 2012, 257186. PubMed ID: 23346108 doi:10.1155/2012/257186

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 388 388 150
Full Text Views 23 23 1
PDF Downloads 13 13 0