Clustering of Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior Associated With Body Composition in Brazilian Older Adults

in Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
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This study described the clustering patterns of moderate to vigorous physical activity and sedentary time (ST) according to handgrip strength and investigated the association between identified clusters of fat and lean mass in older adults from southern Brazil. Objective measures were used for moderate to vigorous physical activity, ST, and body composition outcomes. Two-step cluster and linear regression analyses were conducted according to handgrip strength. Three clusters were identified: all-day sitters, sitters, and active sitters. The prevalence of clusters in the low-strength group was 58.2%, 22.8%, and 19.0%, respectively, while the prevalence of clusters in the high-strength group was 42.1%, 34.8%, and 23.1%, respectively. All-day sitters had 2.6% more fat mass than active sitters with low strength. High levels of ST characterized all cluster profiles; low strength, lack of moderate to vigorous physical activity, and high ST levels among older adults may indicate a subpopulation at a greater risk of overweight and obesity-related diseases.

Christofoletti, Sandreschi, Manta, Delevatti, Benedetti, Rech, and Matias are with the Department of Physical Education, Federal University of Santa Catarina, Florianopolis, Brazil. Confortin and D’Orsi are with the Department of Public Health, Federal University of Santa Catarina, Florianopolis, Brazil.

Christofoletti (marinachriss@outlook.com) is corresponding author.

Supplementary Materials

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