Environment-Stratified Age-Period-Cohort Effects on the Prevalence of Walking Among Older Adults

in Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
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Walking promotes active aging; however, walking prevalence changes among older adults by age and environmental conditions remain unclear. Age-period-cohort (APC) differences in walking trends among Korean older adults were examined. Data included adults aged ≥ 65 years (n = 592,235) from the nationally representative Korean Community Health Survey. Regional units examined were metropolitan cities, small- and medium-sized cities, and rural areas. Environment-stratified APC modeling was applied for walking prevalence (walking days/time during the past week). From 2008 to 2017, the walking prevalence gap between regional units widened. Decreasing trends were most apparent in rural areas, including by birth year. In all areas, walking decreased with increased age. No distinct period effects were found. Each effect’s magnitude was larger in rural areas than cities. Differential APC effects by environmental conditions likely influence walking prevalence changes among older adults. Walking promotion for older adults should consider APC effects and environmental conditions.

Kim and Yoo are with the Department of Public Health Sciences, Graduate School of Public Health, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea. Kang and Yoo are with the Institute of Health and Environment, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea.

Yoo (syoo@snu.ac.kr) is corresponding author.

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