Relationship Between Mental Health, Resilience, and Physical Activity in Older Adults: A 2-Year Longitudinal Study

in Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
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The aim of this study was to longitudinally investigate the association between resilience and mental health in older adults and to determine the influence of physical activity on this relationship. A total of 291 older adults were included in a 2-year follow-up study. Adjusted linear regression models evaluated the association between resilience at baseline and mental health after 2 years in sufficiently and insufficiently physically active older adults. A negative correlation was found between resilience at baseline and depression, anxiety, and stress after 2 years for the overall sample. This association changed after stratifying the group. Sufficiently physically active individuals made greater use of the resilience components “Self-Sufficiency” and “Perseverance,” whereas insufficiently physically active individuals made greater use of “Meaning of Life” and “Existential Singularity.” Physical activity can influence the relationship between resilience and mental health. These results can help guide the devising of more effective interventions for this age group.

Wermelinger Ávila is with the Department of Public Health, Federal University of Juiz de Fora, Juiz de Fora, Brazil. Corrêa is with the Department of Medicine, Federal University of Juiz de Fora, Juiz de Fora, Brazil. A.L.G. Lucchetti and G. Lucchetti are with the Department of Geriatrics, School of Medicine, Federal University of Juiz de Fora, Juiz de Fora, Brazil.

G. Lucchetti (g.lucchetti@yahoo.com.br) is corresponding author.
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