Sex-Specific Associations Between Bone-Loading Score and Adiposity Markers in Middle-Aged and Older Adults

in Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
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The authors examined sex-specific relationships between fat mass index (FMI), android/gynoid (A/G) fat ratio, relative skeletal muscle mass index, and Bone-Specific Physical Activity Questionnaire derived bone-loading scores (BLSs) in middle-aged and older adults (men, n = 27; women, n = 33; age = 55–75 years). The FMI, A/G fat ratio, and relative skeletal muscle mass index were estimated by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. The Bone-Specific Physical Activity Questionnaire was used to assess: (a) BLSpast (age 1 until 12 months before the study visit), (b) BLScurrent (last 12 months), and (c) BLStotal (average of [a] and [b]) scores. Separate multiple linear regression analysis of (a) age, FMI, and relative skeletal muscle mass index and (b) age, height, and A/G fat ratio versus BLS revealed that FMI and A/G fat ratio were negatively associated with BLSpast and BLStotal (p < .05) in women only. Adiposity and, specifically, central adiposity is negatively related to bone-loading physical activity in middle-aged and older women.

Singh, Moore, and Rathore are with the Department of Physical Therapy, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA. Singh, M.G. Bemben, and D.A. Bemben are with the Department of Health and Exercise Science, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK, USA. Moore is also with the Department of Nutrition Sciences, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA. Rathore is also with the Department of Physical Therapy, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

Singh (hsingh@uab.edu) is corresponding author.
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