Training Session and Detraining Duration Affect Lower Limb Muscle Strength Maintenance in Middle-Aged and Older Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

in Journal of Aging and Physical Activity

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Yong YangGraduate Institute of Athletics and Coaching Science, National Taiwan Sport University, Taoyuan, Taiwan
Institute of Physical Education, Henan University, Kaifeng, China

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Shu-Chen ChenDepartment of Recreational Sports Management, Yu Da University of Science and Technology, Maoli, Taiwan

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Chiao-Nan ChenPhysical Therapy and Assistive Technology, National Yang-Ming Chiao Tung University, Taipei, Taiwan

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Chihw-Wen HsuGeneral Education Center, National Taiwan Sport University, Taoyuan, Taiwan
Graduate Institute of Sports Science, National Taiwan Sport University, Taoyuan, Taiwan

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Wen-Sheng ZhouCollege of Physical Education, Nanjing Xiao-Zhuang University, Nanjing, China

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Kuei-Yu ChienGraduate Institute of Sports Science, National Taiwan Sport University, Taoyuan, Taiwan

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Muscle strength after detraining is still higher than the level before training, which is an important issue for middle-aged and older adults. The purpose of the present study was to examine the effects of detraining duration (DD), resistance training duration (RTD), and intensity on the maintenance of resistance training (RT) benefits after detraining in middle-aged and older adults. A systematic search yielded 15 randomized control trails (n = 383) eligible for inclusion. The results showed that RTD ≥ 24 weeks and DD ≥ RTD, the RT benefits were still significantly maintained even with medium and low intensity (standardized mean difference = 1.16, 95% confidence interval, CI [0.38, 1.94], p = .004). When RTD < 24 weeks and DD ≤ RTD, only the high-intensity groups maintained the RT benefits (DD, 4–6 weeks: standardized mean difference = 0.71, 95% CI [0.34, 1.08], p = .0002; DD 8–16 weeks: standardized mean difference = 1.35, 95% CI [0.66, 2.04], p = .0001). However, when DD > RTD, the RT benefits were not maintained even with high intensity. In summary, when RTD was less than 24 weeks, RTD > DD was an important factor in maintaining muscle strength.

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