Sit-to-Stand Power Across the Lifespan: A Cross-Sectional Analysis

in Journal of Aging and Physical Activity

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Anthony CampitelliDepartment of Health, Human Performance and Recreation, Exercise Science Research Center, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR, USA

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Sally PaulsonDepartment of Health, Human Performance and Recreation, Exercise Science Research Center, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR, USA

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Jennifer VincenzoDepartment of Physical Therapy, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Fayetteville, AR, USA

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Jordan M. GlennNeurotrack Technologies, Redwood City, CA, USA

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Joshua L. GillsDepartment of Health, Human Performance and Recreation, Exercise Science Research Center, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR, USA

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Megan D. JonesDepartment of Health, Human Performance and Recreation, Exercise Science Research Center, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR, USA

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Melissa PowersDepartment of Kinesiology and Health Studies, University of Central Oklahoma, Edmond, OK, USA

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Michelle GrayDepartment of Health, Human Performance and Recreation, Exercise Science Research Center, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR, USA

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Lower-body power measured by a linear position transducer during the sit-to-stand (STS) movement declines with age and may be a predictor of physical disability in older adults. The purpose of this study was to establish normative data for STS power across the lifespan and to determine if differences exist between age cohorts, sexes, and age cohort–sex subgroups. Adults (N = 557) aged 18–89 were divided into five age cohorts and performed the STS connected to a linear position transducer, which calculated power and velocity during the movement. Significantly lower (p < .01) velocity was observed in a younger age cohort in females than males, whereas males saw a significant average power decrement (p < .01) in a younger age cohort than females. STS power norms give clinicians a metric predicting physical disability and may be of particular interest to males as their power production begins to decline at an earlier age.

Gray (rgray@uark.edu) is corresponding author, https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5721-9087

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