By purchasing this content you agree and accept the terms and conditions
Measurements of functional ability, balance, strength, flexibility, life satisfaction, and physical activity were compared among three populations of older adults (age 75-85 years). Sixty-nine subjects performed the Physical Performance Test (PPT). timed Up and Go. 1 repetition maximum (IRM) leg press and extensions, and Modified Sit and Reach. The Physical Activity Questionnaire for the Elderly and Satisfaction With Life Scale were also completed. No difference was found among the groups for life satisfaction. Individuals living in a nursing facility had poorer PPT scores, dynamic balance, leg extension strength, leg press strength, flexibility, and physical activity than individuals living in assisted-care facilities and the community. Assisted-care individuals had significantly lower PPT scores and leg strength than community-living individuals. The decline of ADL performance and physical activity may be accounted for by loss of strength, balance, and flexibility, all associated with a loss of independence.
Jan M. Schroeder is with the Department of Physical Education, California State University Los Angeles, 5151 Stale University Dr., Los Angeles. CA 90032. Karen L. Nau is with the Department of Physical Therapy Education. University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City. KS. Wayne H. Osness and Jeffrey A. Potteiger are with the Department of Health. Sport, and Exercise Science. University of Kansas, Lawrence. KS 66045.