Incidence and Determinants of Injuries Sustained by Older Women during a Walking Program

in Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
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This study was a retrospective analysis of injuries sustained by women (mean age 60.9) who completed a 24-week walking intervention. We hypothesized that those who walked 60 min, 5 days/week (n = 27) were more likely to have an injury than those who walked 3 days/week (n = 27), and that predisposing conditions would lead to more injuries. We also examined the effect of the initial 4 weeks’ walking progression on likelihood of injury. A total of 12% of the walkers reported injuries necessitating program withdrawal, 18% reported minor injuries, and 26% reported injuries requiring medical treatment. Age, weight, cardiovascular fitness level, and walking volume were not significantly related to injuries. Women with prior musculoskeletal conditions were more likely to sustain injuries requiring medical treatment (p < .01). For these women, the initial progression may have been too rapid, suggesting that musculoskeletal screening and gradual progression guided by staff is important for moderate as well as intense activity programs.

A. Elizabeth Ready is with the Health, Leisure, and Human Performance Research Institute and the Faculty of Physical Education and Recreation Studies, at the University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB R3T 2N2. Glen Bergeron is with the Department of Physical Activity and Sport Studies at the University of Winnipeg, 515 Portage Ave., Winnipeg, MB, Canada, R3B 2E9. Suzanne L. Boreskie is with the Rady Jewish Community Centre, 123 Doncaster St., Winnipeg, MB, Canada, R3N IW5. Barbara Naimark and Jo-Ann Sawatzky are with the Faculty of Nursing, and John Ducas is with the Faculty of Medicine, at the University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB R3T 2N2. Donald T. Drinkwater is with the College of Physical Education at the University of Saskatchewan, 105 Gymnasium P1., Saskatoon, SK, Canada, S7N 5C2.