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To objectively assess physical activity levels and sedentary behavior in a cohort of Spanish centenarians and their nonagenarian peers. Physical activity and sedentary behavior patterns were objectively measured by an ActiGraph GT3X accelerometer in centenarians (n = 18; 83% women; 100.8 ± 0.8 [100–103] years) and nonagenarians (n = 11; 91% women; 93.3 ± 2.5 [90–98] years). Centenarians showed less counts per minute (17.6 ± 7.1 vs. 46.1 ± 23.7, p = .003, d = 1.851) and steps per day (455 ± 237 vs. 1,249 ± 776, p = .007, d = 1.587) than nonagenarians. The daily number of sedentary breaks was also lower in the former (5.0 ± 1.5 vs. 6.7 ± 2.0, p = .019, d = 0.971). When observing time distribution, the most active day period in both groups was the morning, with a peak between 10:00 and 11:59. This data suggest that the decline in physical activity levels continues to worsen until the end of the human lifespan.

Hernández-Vicente, Mayolas-Pi, Gómez-Trullen, and Garatachea are with the Faculty of Health and Sport Science, University of Zaragoza, Huesca, Spain. Hernández-Vicente and Garatachea are with GENUD research group, University of Zaragoza, Zaragoza, Spain. Santos-Lozano is with i+HeALTH, Department of Health Sciences, European University Miguel de Cervantes, Valladolid, Spain. Santos-Lozano, Pareja-Galeano, and Lucia are with the Research Institute of Hospital 12 de Octubre (“i+12”), Madrid, Spain. Rodríguez-Romo is with the Facultad de Ciencias de la Actividad Física y del Deporte – INEF, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Madrid, España; CIBERFES (Fragilidad y Envejecimiento Saludables), Madrid, España. Pareja-Galeano and Lucia are with the Faculty of Sport Sciences, Universidad Europea de Madrid, Madrid, Spain. Bustamante is with Facultad de Educación, Universidad Autónoma de Chile, Talca, Chile. Garatachea is with Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Fisiopatología de la Obesidad y Nutrición (CIBERObn), Madrid, Spain; and Instituto Agroalimentario de Aragón (IA2), Zaragoza, Spain.

Hernández-Vicente (ahernandez@unizar.es) is corresponding author.

A. Hernández-Vicente and A. Santos-Lozano contributed equally.

Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
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