The Impact of Physical Activity and Function on Falls in Assisted Living Residents

in Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
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The purpose of this study was to describe physical activity and function of older adults in assisted living communities and test the association between moderate and vigorous activity and falls. This study used baseline data from 393 participants from the first two cohorts in the Function-Focused Care in Assisted Living Using the Evidence Integration Triangle study. The majority of participants were female (N = 276, 70%) and White (N = 383, 97%) with a mean age of 87 years (SD = 7). Controlling for age, cognition, gender, setting, and function, the time spent in moderate or vigorous levels of physical activity was associated with having a fall in the prior 4 months. Those who engaged in more moderate physical activity were 0.6% less likely to have a fall (OR = 0.994, Wald statistic = 5.54, p = .02), and those who engaged in more vigorous activity were 2% less likely to have a fall (OR = 0.980, Wald statistic = 3.88, p = .05).

Resnick, Galik, Vigne, Holmes, Fix, and Zhu are with the University of Maryland School of Nursing, Baltimore, MD. Boltz is with the Pennsylvania State University, College of Nursing, University Park, PA.

Resnick (Resnick@son.umaryland.edu) is the corresponding author.
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