Low-Volume High-Intensity Interval Training Versus Moderate-Intensity Continuous Training on Body Composition, Cardiometabolic Profile, and Physical Capacity in Older Women

in Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
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Objectives: To compare the effect of low-volume high-intensity interval training (HIIT) with moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT) on fat mass, cardiometabolic profile, and physical capacity, and confirm its feasibility in older women. Methods: Inactive older women (60–75 years) were randomly assigned to 8 weeks of either HIIT (75 min/week; n = 9) or MICT (150 min/week; n = 9). Body composition, fasting metabolic profile, cardiovascular risk (Framingham score), and physical capacity (senior fitness test, peak oxygen uptake) were assessed before and after the intervention. Feasibility was evaluated with completion rate (training compliance; dropout rate) and affective response (Feeling Scale; pre- and postexercise). Results: Total cholesterol level, non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol level, and the Framingham risk score decreased in both groups (ps ≤ .03). Although peak oxygen uptake remained unchanged, the 6-min walk test distance increased (p < .0001), irrespective of the group. Completion rate and affective responses were not different between groups (ps ≥ .38). Conclusion: A short-term HIIT program is feasible and provides as much benefits as MICT in older women.

Boukabous, Marcotte-Chénard, Amamou, Boulay, Brochu, Dionne, and Riesco are with the Faculty of Physical Activity Sciences, University of Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, Quebec, Canada. Boukabous, Marcotte-Chénard, Amamou, Brochu, Tessier, Dionne, and Riesco are with the Research Center on Aging, CIUSSS de l’Estrie–CHUS, Sherbrooke, Quebec, Canada. Tessier is also with the Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, Quebec, Canada.

Riesco (E.Riesco@USherbrooke.ca) is corresponding author.
Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
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