Custom-Made Daily Routine Increases the Number of Steps Taken by Frail Older Adults

in Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
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This study examined whether the number of steps taken by frail older adults increased after two types of interventions (custom-made daily routine [CDR] vs. exercise) were conducted over 12 weeks. The participants were 36 frail older adults aged 84.5 ± 6.0 years who attended a day-care center. They were assigned to one of three groups: CDR (n = 13), home-based exercise (HE, n = 10), or control (CON, n = 13). A wrist-worn accelerometer was used to measure their step count in 24 hr for 6 days. The CDR group demonstrated a daily step count change of approximately 25%, which was significantly higher than that of the CON group (effect size [r] = .51, p = .040). There were no significant changes in the HE group. Thus, a CDR might be useful for increasing the number of steps in frail older adults.

Ando, Higuchi, Kitagawa, Murakami, and Todo are with the Graduate School of Comprehensive Rehabilitation, Osaka Prefecture University, Habikino City, Osaka, Japan. Ando is also with the Department of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Health Science, Aino University, Ibaraki City, Osaka, Japan.

Ando (harutaku.ando@gmail.com) is corresponding author.
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