Incorporating Behavior Change Strategies Into an Exercise Trial to Improve Physical Activity Maintenance Among Adults at High Risk for Type II Diabetes

in Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
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This study examined the feasibility and effects of a 1-hr physical activity (PA) behavior change (PABC) discussion session on PA, 12 weeks after completing an exercise trial. Adults at high risk of Type II diabetes were randomized to the PABC or a control group. PA was self-reported using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire. Chi-square tests compared the proportion of participants classified as moderately active or greater at the 12-week follow-up. Participants (N = 50) were M = 61.8 ± 5.5 years old and mostly female (80%). All participants completed the PABC discussion session, and compliance with the International Physical Activity Questionnaire at 12-week follow-up was 78%. Barrier self-efficacy increased immediately following the PABC (MΔ0.5 ± 0.9; t(22) = −2.45, p = .023). At 12-week follow-up, 88% in the PABC were moderately active or greater, compared with 50% in the control (p = .015). Incorporating a PABC discussion session as part of an exercise efficacy trial was feasible and may help improve PA maintenance.

West is with the Department of Kinesiology, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA. Konopka is with the Department of Kinesiology and Community Health, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL, USA. LeBreton is with UC Health Medical Fitness, Windsor, CO, USA. Miller is with the Aging and Metabolism Research Program, Oklahoma Medical Research Foundation, Oklahoma City, OK, USA. Hamilton and Leach are with the Department of Health and Exercise Science, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO, USA. Leach is also with the Department of Community and Behavioral Health, Colorado School of Public Health, Fort Collins, CO, USA.

Leach (heather.leach@colostate.edu) is corresponding author.
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