Physical Activity Frequency Among Older Adults With Diabetes or Prediabetes: Associations With Sociodemographics, Comorbidity, and Medical Advice

in Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
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To examine the differences in physical activity (PA) between older adults with and without diabetes/prediabetes and the correlates of PA frequency and associations between medical advice on PA and/or diet/weight loss and increasing PA among those with diabetes/prediabetes. Multinomial and binary logistic regression models using 2016–2017 National Health Interview Survey data (N = 4,860 aged 65+ years with diabetes/prediabetes). About 44.2% of those with diabetes/prediabetes, compared with 48.1% of a matched sample without, engaged in any PA three plus times a week. The low PA group (PA frequency was zero to two times a week) was more socioeconomically disadvantaged and had more chronic illnesses than the medium (three to four times a week) or high (five plus times a week) PA groups. Any PA and/or diet/weight loss medical advice was associated with two to three times higher odds of increasing PA. Health care providers should consider prescribing PA and/or diet/weight loss for patients with diabetes/prediabetes.

N.G. Choi, DiNitto, and Sullivan are with the Steve Hicks School of Social Work, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX. B.Y. Choi is with Brown University Warren Alpert Medical School, Providence, Rhode Island.

N.G. Choi (nchoi@austin.utexas.edu) is corresponding author.
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