Association of Built Environments With Frequency of Going Outdoors Among Older Community-Dwelling Adults in Japan

in Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
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Built environmental factors are important for encouraging outdoor activity among community-dwelling older adults. A total of 214 participants aged 59–94 years were recruited from local cities in Japan. A mixed-effects multivariate linear regression model was conducted for the analysis. Parks that are easy to get to and car availability were positively associated with the number of days per week with any outdoor exposure. Further, the ability to conduct activities of daily living had a significant effect on the use of safe parks and walking areas and the number of days per week with outdoor time. The findings suggest that subjectively assessed neighborhood-built environments, such as readily available safe parks, walking areas, and car availability, are important for encouraging outdoor activity among older community-dwelling adults in Japan. For those with a limited ability to conduct daily activities, the safeness of parks and walking areas are most important.

Kato is with the Research Center for Community Planning, Kitakyushu, Fukuoka, Japan. Arai and Fujita are with the School of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Health and Medical Care, Saitama Medical University, Saitama, Japan. Morita is with Tokyo Kamata Medical Center, Japan Community Healthcare Organization, Tokyo, Japan.

Kato (goheik@gmail.com) is corresponding author.
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