Effects of Resistance Training With Machines and Elastic Tubes on Functional Capacity and Muscle Strength in Community-Living Older Women: A Randomized Clinical Trial

in Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
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The aim of the present study is to compare the effects of 12 weeks of resistance training with machines and elastic tubes on functional capacity and muscular strength in older women aged 60 years or over. The participants were randomized into two groups: a machine group (n = 23) and an elastic group (n = 20). They performed 12 weeks of progressive resistance training, twice a week, with similar exercises. Outcomes were assessed at three time points: baseline, postintervention, and 8 weeks after the end of the training. A significant intragroup effect was demonstrated for both groups at postintervention on functional tests and muscle strength. For the functional reach test and elbow flexion strength (180°/s), only the machine group demonstrated significant intragroup differences. No differences were observed between groups for any outcome. At the 8-week follow-up, functional capacity outcome values were maintained. The muscle strength outcome values decreased to baseline scores, without differences between groups.

Safons, de Lima, Gonçalves, de Souza Junior, Ribeiro, and Bottaro are with the Faculty of Physical Education, Campus Darcy Ribeiro, University of Brasília, Brasília, DF, Brazil. Barreto, Oliveira, dos Santos Couto Paz, and Martins are with the Faculty of Physical Therapy, Campus Ceilândia, University of Brasília, Brasília, DF, Brazil. Gentil is with the Faculty of Physical Education and Dance, Federal University of Goiás, Goiânia, GO, Brazil.

Oliveira (oliveira.jsanderson@gmail.com) is corresponding author.
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