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Aim: To compare the acute effects of two resistance exercise sessions with different partial blood flow restrictions (BFR) on hemodynamic parameters and cardiac autonomic modulation in older women with metabolic syndrome. Methods: Thirty-nine older women (64.4 ± 4.5 years) were allocated into three groups: BFR0 = resistance exercise (20%, 1 maximum repetition [MR]) + 0% BFR; BFR60 = 20% 1 MR resistance exercise + 60% BFR; and BFR80 = 20% 1MR resistance exercise + 80% BFR. Results: A reduction of 14 mmHg (BFR60 group) and 13 mmHg (BRF80 group) was observed 48 hr after the first exercise session, while vagal modulation was increased in the BRF60 group after 24 and 48 hr. Conclusion: A low-intensity resistance exercise session with 60% and 80% of BFR resulted in blood pressure (systolic, diastolic, and mean) reduction and positive changes on heart rate variability after 24 h of a RE session.

Maciel, Pinto, Campos, Ferreira, Dias-Filho, Dias, and Mostarda are with Laboratório de Adaptações Cardiovasculares ao Exercício, Universidade Federal do Maranhão, São Luís, Brazil. Maciel, Pinto, Urtado, and Mostarda are with Programa de Pós-graduação em Educação Física, Universidade Federal do Maranhão, São Luís, Brazil. Ferreira and Mostarda are also with the Programa de Pós-graduação em Saúde do Adulto, Universidade Federal do Maranhão, São Luís, Brazil. Dias-Filho, Dias, and Mostarda are also with the Programa de Pós-graduação de Rede Nordeste de Biotecnologia, São Luís, Brazil. Dias, Pires, Urtado, and Mostarda are with Universidade Federal do Maranhão, São Luís, Brazil. Rodrigues is with the Faculdade de Educação Física, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Campinas, Brazil. Mostarda is also with Departamento de Educação Física, Universidade Federal do Maranhão, São Luís, Brazil.

Mostarda (cristiano.mostarda@gmail.com) is corresponding author.
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