Cross-Cultural Adaptation and Validation of Nigerian (Igbo) Version of the Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly

in Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
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Objectives: To cross-culturally adapt and validate the Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly (PASE) into Igbo culture. Methods: The English version of the PASE (E-PASE) was translated into Igbo, harmonized, back-translated, subjected to expert panel review, and pretested. The final Igbo version of PASE (I-PASE), the E-PASE, and the International Physical Activity Questionnaire were then administered to consecutively recruited 109 consenting Igbo older adults. Data were analyzed using frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation, Mann–Whitney U test, Spearman rank-order correlation, and Cronbach’s alpha at .05 level of significance. Results: All items on the E-PASE were retained on the I-PASE but some modifications were made. The I-PASE had poor internal consistency coefficient (α = .66), poor-to-excellent item, and total score known-group validity (ρ = .24–1.00) and moderate convergent validity (ρ = .50). Conclusion: The I-PASE is a valid, reliable, and culturally specific tool for assessing PA among Igbo older adults.

The authors are with the Department of Medical Rehabilitation, College of Health Sciences, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Nnewi, Anambra, Nigeria.

Okoye (bukanuel2004@yahoo.com and emc.okoye@unizik.edu.ng) is corresponding author.

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