Influence of Badminton Practice on Age-Related Changes in Patellar and Achilles Tendons

in Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
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Regular sport practice could prevent age-related changes in tendinous tissues. The purpose of the study was to investigate the effect of regular badminton practice on patellar and Achilles tendon mechanical properties in senior competitive badminton players (>35 years old) and to compare the results with physically active people matched by age. One hundred ninety-two badminton players and 193 physically active people were divided by age into four groups, between 35 and 44 (U45), between 45 and 54 (U55), between 55 and 64 (U65), and over 65 (O65) years old. A LogiqS8 transducer in elastography mode and a MyotonPRO myotonometer were used to assess patellar and Achilles mechanical properties. Achilles tendon stiffness was higher in the control group than the badminton players for the U45, U55, and O65 age groups (p < .01). Also, the elastography index was higher in the control group than the badminton players for the U45, U55, U65, and O65 age groups (p < .05). In conclusion, regular badminton practice could prevent the decline in mechanical properties of the patellar and Achilles tendons.

Bravo-Sánchez, Jimenez, and Abián-Vicén are with the Performance and Sport Rehabilitation Laboratory, Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Castilla-La Mancha, Toledo, Spain. Abián is with the Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Comillas Pontifical University, Madrid, Spain. Sousa is with the Porto Biomechanics Laboratory (LABIOMEP), University of Porto, Porto, Portugal; and CIFI2D, Faculty of Sports (FADEUP), University of Porto, Porto, Portugal.

Abián-Vicén (javier.abian@uclm.es) is corresponding author.
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