Formative Development of a Technology-Based Physical Activity Intervention for Grandparents and Grandchildren

in Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
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  • 1 Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL, USA
  • | 2 Department of Psychology, University of Miami, Coral Gables, FL, USA
  • | 3 Herbert Wertheim College of Medicine, Florida International University, Miami, FL, USA
  • | 4 Department of Pediatrics, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL, USA
  • | 5 School of Nursing and Health Studies, University of Miami, Coral Gables, FL, USA
  • | 6 Center on Aging and Behavioral Research, Division of Geriatrics and Palliative Medicine, Weill Cornell Medicine, New York, NY, USA
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Physical inactivity is a major public health issue among older adults and children. This study presents preliminary results that will inform the development of a technology-based physical activity intervention for grandparents and grandchildren (ages 6–12 years old). The authors used an iterative user-centered design framework to gather quantitative data from grandparents (n = 35) and subsequently invited a subset of 12 of them to engage in qualitative interviews. Participants were 63.1 ± 9.8 years old, 80% female, 64% U.S.-born, 43% Hispanic, 66% single, and 40% <$15K income. The majority of grandparents reported mobile device proficiency, very close relationships with their grandchildren, and interest in participating in an intergenerational intervention. Four key themes related to family closeness, dynamics, routines, and technology informed intervention development. Next steps involved a pilot trial using Fitbits and a fully functioning technology-based prototype. Grandparents are uniquely positioned within their families to serve as agents of change in health-promoting interventions.

Kobayashi (mxk748@med.miami.edu) is corresponding author, https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7475-0785

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