Effects of Circuit Resistance Training on Body Composition, Strength, and Cardiorespiratory Fitness in Middle-Aged and Older Women: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

in Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
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  • 1 Department of Education, University of Alcalá, Alcala de Henares, Madrid, Spain
  • | 2 LFE Research Group, Department of Health and Human Performance, Faculty of Physical Activity and Sport Science-INEF: Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Madrid, Spain
  • | 3 Faculty of Sport, Catholic University of Murcia, Murcia, Spain
  • | 4 International Chair of Sports Medicine, Catholic University of Murcia, Murcia, Spain
  • | 5 Department of Education, University of Almeria, Almería, Andalucía, Spain
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A systematic review with meta-analysis was conducted to evaluate the effects of circuit resistance training (CRT) on cardiorespiratory fitness, strength, and body composition in middle-aged and older women. Sixteen studies were included in the meta-analysis. The CRT interventions led to a significant decrease in weight, body mass index, and fat mass along with an increase in muscle mass. Significant differences were found in the fat mass and a trend to develop muscle mass when compared with the control group. CRT led to a significant increase in VO2max, walking endurance, and time to exhaustion; likewise, significant differences were observed when compared with the control group. CRT had a moderate and large favorable effect on arm, trunk, and lower limb strength. Furthermore, the increases in strength observed in the CRT were significantly greater than the changes observed in the control group. In middle-aged and older women, CRT improved cardiorespiratory fitness and strength and optimized body composition.

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  • Yoshitake, Y., Takai, Y., Kitamura, T., Kawanishi, M., & Kanehisa, H. (2011). Body mass-based exercise in middle-aged and older women. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 32(12), 924928. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0031-1283177

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