ACL Injury Rehabilitation: A Psychological Case Study of a Professional Rugby Union Player

in Journal of Clinical Sport Psychology

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Fraser CarsonEdge Hill University Lancashire, UK

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Remco C. J. PolmanUniversity of Hull North Humberside, UK

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The aim of this case study was to investigate the emotional factors and coping strategies used by a professional rugby union player during rehabilitation from anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury. A dominant (qualitative) - less dominant (quantitative) mixed methodological approach was established concurrent with the athlete’s rehabilitation. Twice monthly interviews and a self-report diary were completed throughout the rehabilitation process. Six questionnaires were used to assess specific aspects of injury rehabilitation identified from previous literature, including emotional response, coping, social support, and perceived autonomy. Content analysis of each phase of the rehabilitation process established 34 higher-order themes split into two general dimensions: Influential Emotions or Coping Strategies. Findings highlight the benefit of problem-focused coping to improve autonomy and confidence. A sequential movement through a series of emotions (shock, depression, relief, encouragement, and confidence building) was also identified.

Fraser Carson is with the Department of Sport and Physical Activity, Edge Hill University, Ormskirk, Lancashire, L39 4QP. E-mail: carsonf@edgehill.ac.uk. Remco Polman is with the Department of Sport, Health and Exercise Science, The University of Hull, North Humberside, HU6 7RX, UK.

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