Prevalence of Depressive Symptoms in Male Intercollegiate Student-Athletes and Nonathletes

in Journal of Clinical Sport Psychology

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Steven L. ProctorLouisiana State University

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Candace Boan-LenzoWestern Carolina University

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This study examined the athletic status differences in reported depressive symptoms between male intercollegiate team sport athletes (n= 66) and male nonathletes (n = 51) enrolled at one of two public universities in the Southeastern United States, while controlling for preferred (task-oriented and emotion-oriented) coping strategies. Analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) revealed that the athletes reported significantly fewer depressive symptoms than nonathletes while controlling for coping strategy selection (p< .05). In terms of the actual prevalence rates of depressive symptoms, 29.4% of the nonathletes met the criterion for possible depression compared with only 15.6% of the athletes. Overall, athletic participation in an intercollegiate team sport appears related to lower levels of depression. The potentially distress-buffering aspects of athletic involvement and implications for future research are discussed.

Steven L. Proctor is with the Department of Psychology at Louisiana State University in Baton Rouge. Candace Boan-Lenzo is with the Department of Psychology at Western Carolina University in Cullo-whee, NC.

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