This article, via discussing various psychological manifestations among Chinese elite athletes, illustrates sociocultural “meridians” in Chinese elite sports including (a) “Whole-Nation system,” (b) Chinese culture, and (c) their interaction. We propose that the sociocultural characteristics be integrated in athletes’ psychological training and further discuss the aspects of (a) cultural inheritance and (b) traditional beliefs, including “harmony with differences,” “doing the best and following the fate,” “Ah Q spirit,” “all are Buddha,” and the balance between Confucianism and Taoism. We suggest that the ultimate goal of sport psychologists is to facilitate the athlete’s overall development, with such a maturing process only achieved by integrating the above factors into athletes’ sociocultural contexts.
Gangyan Si, Hin Yue Li, and Xiaobo Jiang are with the Hong Kong Sports Institute, Sports Science Department, in Hong Kong. Gangyan Si and Yanping Duan are also with the Wuhan Institute of Physical Education, China. Yanping Duan is with the Hong Kong Baptist University and Wuhan Institute of Physical Education, China.