Perfectionism and Athlete Burnout in Junior Elite Athletes: The Mediating Role of Motivation Regulations

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Paul R. Appleton University of Birmingham, United Kingdom

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Andrew P. Hill York St. John University, United Kingdom

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This study investigated whether motivation regulations mediate the relationship between socially prescribed and self-oriented dimensions of perfectionism and athlete burnout. Two-hundred and thirty-one (N = 231) elite junior athletes completed the Child and Adolescent Perfectionism Scale (Flett, Hewitt, Boucher, Davidson, & Munro, 2000), the Sport Motivation Scale (Pelletier, Fortier, Valle-rand, Tuson, & Blais, 1995), and the Athlete Burnout Questionnaire (Raedeke & Smith, 2009). Multiple mediator regression analyses revealed that amotivation mediated the relationship between socially prescribed perfectionism and burnout symptoms. Amotivation and intrinsic motivation emerged as significant mediators of the relationship between self-oriented perfectionism and burnout symptoms. The findings suggest that patterns of motivation regulations are important factors in the perfectionism-athlete burnout relationship.

Paul Appleton is with the School of Sport and Exercise Sciences at the University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, UK. Andrew Hill is Senior Lecturer in Youth Sport and Children’s Physical Activity at York St. John University, York, UK.

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