Within this opportunity to dialogue in commentary exchange about a previously conceived adaptation model, published in the Journal of Clinical Sport Psychology, we revisit the utility of our model (Schinke et al., 2012a) and consider Tamminen and Crocker’s (2014) critique of our earlier writing. We also elaborate on emotion and emotion regulation through explaining hedonistic and instrumental motives to regulate emotions. We draw on research from general and sport psychology to examine emotion regulation (Gross, 2010). We argue that when investigating emotion, or any topic in psychology, the process of drawing from knowledge in a different area of the discipline can be useful, especially if the existing knowledge base in that area is already well developed. In particular, we draw on research using an evolutionary perspective (Nesse & Ellsworth, 2009). Accounting for these issues, we clarify the adaptation framework, expand it, and arguably offer a model that has greater utility for use with athletes in relation to training and competition cycles and progressions throughout their career. We also clarify for the readership places of misinterpretation by the commentary authors, and perhaps, why these have resulted.
Robert J. Schinke is with Laurentian University, Sudbury, Ontario, Canada. Gershon Tenenbaum is with Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL, USA. Ronnie Lidor is with The Zinman College of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Wingate Institute, Israel. Andrew M. Lane is with the School of Sport, Performing Arts and Leisure, Department of Sport and Physical Activity, University of Wolverhampton, Walsall, UK.