Competitive Bodybuilding: Positive Deviance, Body Image Pathology, or Modern Day Competitive Sport?

Click name to view affiliation

Mark T. Suffolk North Dakota State University

Search for other papers by Mark T. Suffolk in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
Restricted access

The sport of competitive bodybuilding is strongly associated with muscle dysmorphia, a body-image-related psychological disorder. This theoretical article draws on existing concepts, namely stereotyping, prejudice, and positive deviance in sport, to explicate the notion that competitive bodybuilding and body-image disturbance may be mistakenly conflated. The perspective offered here goes beyond the countercultural physique to argue that a negative social perception of competitive bodybuilders obscures the pragmatic necessity to develop a hypermesomorphic physique. Competitive bodybuilders (CBs) and athletes in mainstream competitive sport exhibit congruent psychobehavioral tendencies. In a competitive-sport context, behavior among CBs perceived as pathological may primarily represent a response to the ideological sporting ethic of “win at all costs,” not extreme body-image disturbance. Analyzing the psychobehavioral characteristics of CBs within a sporting rather than a pathological framework, allows for a contextual assessment of behaviors to then determine the clinical significance relative to the research population under investigation.

Mark T. Suffolk is with North Dakota State University in Fargo, ND.

Address author correspondence to Mark Suffolk at m.suffolk-08@alumni.lboro.ac.uk.
  • Collapse
  • Expand
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 3810 519 76
Full Text Views 146 85 0
PDF Downloads 120 27 0