A Comparison of the Media-Ideal and Athletic Internalization Between Young Female Gymnasts and Track and Field Sprinters

in Journal of Clinical Sport Psychology
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The aim of this study was to compare the media-ideal and athletic internalization of gymnasts to track and field sprinters. Eighty-three female track and field sprinters and 50 female gymnasts participated. The subscales of the Sociocultural Attitudes Toward Appearance Questionnaire-3 were used to evaluate the influence of the media on body image. The Body Shape Questionnaire was used to assess body dissatisfaction. The results showed no difference between the groups in media-ideal internalization (p > .05); however, the results indicated differences in athletic internalization (p < .05) and body dissatisfaction (p < .05). We concluded that although media-ideal internalization was similar, gymnasts showed greater athletic internalization.

Leonardo de Sousa Fortes is with the Center of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Federal University of Pernambuco, Vitória de Santo Antão/PE, Brazil. Santiago Tavares Paes, Clara Mockede Neves, Juliana Fernandes Filgueiras Meireles, and Maria Elisa Caputo Ferreira are with the Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, Federal University of Juiz de For a, Juiz de Fora/MG, Brazil.

Address author correspondence to Leonardo de Sousa Fortes at leodesousafortes@hotmail.com.