Psychological Skills Training in NCAA Division I Athletics: Are Athletes Ready for Change?

in Journal of Clinical Sport Psychology
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  • 1 Concordia University Wisconsin
  • | 2 University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee
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Research has demonstrated the efficacy of psychological skills training (PST), yet many athletes do not appear ready to do whatever it takes to improve the mental aspects of performance. Although the transtheoretical model of behavior change (TTM), generally, and readiness to change, specifically, have received considerable attention in a range of allied health fields, few studies have been conducted to examine this construct in applied sport psychology. The purpose of the current study was to examine National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I athletes’ readiness for PST as it relates to their stage of change, decisional balance, self-efficacy, and use of processes of change. The data trends observed in the current study were consistent with the theoretical underpinnings of the TTM as well as previous research on NCAA Division I athletes. The results of the current study highlight the need to consider readiness to change when designing and implementing PST interventions.

Massey is with the School of Health Professions, Concordia University Wisconsin, Mequon, WI. Gnacinski and Meyer are with the Dept. of Kinesiology, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, Milwaukee, WI.

Address author correspondence to William Massey at
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