Gender Equity in Disability Sport: A Rapid Scoping Review

in Journal of Clinical Sport Psychology
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  • 1 School of Human Kinetics, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON, Canada
  • | 2 Department of Kinesiology and Physical Education, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada
  • | 3 Health Sciences Library, Ottawa, ON, Canada
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Aim: A scoping review was conducted to map the literature related to gender equity in disability sport. Design: Six databases relevant to the sport sciences were searched, yielding an initial 1,543 records; after two phases of screening and data extraction, 61 records were selected for synthesis. Descriptive statistics were generated on information related to the record contexts, approaches, and results. Qualitative descriptive analyses were used to group data inductively into themes in line with addressing the research question. Results: Most records examined the experiences, participation, and representation of adults in elite contexts. Insights across records pointed to gender inequities in participation and experience, often influenced by the intersection of ableist and masculinity notions. Limited research also pointed to strategies that can contribute to advancing gender equity. Conclusions: Implications were discussed to advance understandings of disability sport and enhance participation across levels (e.g., coaching, athletic) and contexts (e.g., elite/Paralympic, recreational).

Culver (dculver@uottawa.ca) is corresponding author, https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8117-2722.

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