Sport Participation, Extracurricular Activity Involvement, and Psychological Distress: A Latent Class Analysis of Canadian High School Student-Athletes

in Journal of Clinical Sport Psychology
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  • 1 School of Human Kinetics, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON, Canada
  • | 2 Département de psychoéducation et de psychologie, Université du Québec en Outaouais, Gatineau, QC, Canada
  • | 3 Department of Kinesiology & Physical Education, University of Lethbridge, Lethbridge, AB, Canada
  • | 4 School of Physical and Health Education, Nipissing University, North Bay, ON, Canada
  • | 5 School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences, University of Queensland,Saint Lucia, QLD, Australia
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Although psychological distress has been shown to increase during adolescence, participation in organized activities may have protective effects. The present study aimed to identify whether there is a relationship between high school student-athletes’ breadth of participation in organized activities and psychological distress, using a latent class analysis. Canadian adolescent-athletes (n = 930) in Grades 11 and 12 completed an online survey that measured: (a) high school sport participation, (b) community sport participation, (c) nonsport extracurricular activities participation, and (d) psychological distress. The latent class analysis indicated that a two-class model (i.e., Class 1 = narrower breadth, low distress; Class 2 = wider breadth, moderate distress) was most appropriate. Results indicated that despite the divergent probability of organized activity participation, participants in both classes had a low to moderate probability of presenting elevated levels of psychological distress. However, levels of psychological distress were still higher than other Canadian adolescent populations, suggesting that overscheduling could be of concern. Gender and time (i.e., prior/during COVID-19 pandemic) were significant covariates in the model.

Sabourin (csabo028@uottawa.ca) is corresponding author, https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1248-5995

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