Predictive Factors for Compulsive Exercise in Adolescent Athletes: A Cross-Sectional Study

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Martine Fortier Department of Health Sciences, University of Quebec at Chicoutimi, Chicoutimi, QC, Canada

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Christopher Rodrigue Department of Health Sciences, University of Quebec at Chicoutimi, Chicoutimi, QC, Canada
Faculty of Agriculture and Food Sciences, Laval University, Québec, QC, Canada

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Camille Clermont Department of Health Sciences, University of Quebec at Chicoutimi, Chicoutimi, QC, Canada
Faculty of Agriculture and Food Sciences, Laval University, Québec, QC, Canada

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Anne-Sophie Gagné Department of Health Sciences, University of Quebec at Chicoutimi, Chicoutimi, QC, Canada

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Audrey Brassard Department of Psychology, University of Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, QC, Canada
Department of Psychology, Interdisciplinary Research Center on Intimate Relationship Problems and Sexual Abuse, University of Montreal, Montreal, QC, Canada

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Daniel Lalande Department of Health Sciences, University of Quebec at Chicoutimi, Chicoutimi, QC, Canada

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Jacinthe Dion Department of Health Sciences, University of Quebec at Chicoutimi, Chicoutimi, QC, Canada
Department of Psychology, Interdisciplinary Research Center on Intimate Relationship Problems and Sexual Abuse, University of Montreal, Montreal, QC, Canada

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Although exercise is generally considered a healthy lifestyle habit, it may be problematic for some people. This has led to growing research on compulsive exercise—an uncontrollable urge for physical activity despite its deleterious effects. A maintenance model of compulsive exercise has been developed for adults exhibiting weight and shape concerns, weight control behaviors, and specific psychological states (including depression and anxiety) as predictive factors. We identified predicting factors for compulsive exercise in adolescent athletes using the same model framework. These athletes completed the compulsive exercise test and several well-validated psychometric measures. Gender-specific multiple regression models identified stronger drive for thinness, perfectionism, and body image investment in sport as significant predictors of compulsive exercise in boys and girls. Among girls, asceticism and bulimia symptoms were also significantly associated with compulsive exercise. These findings support the relevance of the model for clinical intervention and research on compulsive exercise in adolescent athletes.

Dion is now at the Department of Psychology, University of Quebec at Trois-Rivières, Trois-Rivières, QC, Canada.

Fortier https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0018-8643

Clermont https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2593-2747

Gagné https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1379-8296

Brassard https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2292-1519

Lalande https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1849-8217

Dion https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2701-6283

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