The Use of Multimedia Demonstration on the Test of Gross Motor Development–Second Edition: Performance and Participant Preference

in Journal of Motor Learning and Development
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This study examined the effect of demonstration conditions (multimedia and live) in school-age children on performance of the Test of Gross Motor Development—Second Edition (TGMD-2) locomotor and object control subscale raw scores, and participants’ enjoyment in the preoperational and operational stages of cognitive development. Forty-five children ages 5–10 years were divided into two age groups: younger (n = 21, Mage = 5.95 years, SD = .80) and older (n = 24, Mage = 8.96 years, SD = .86). Children completed the TGMD-2 under two counterbalanced conditions: live and multimedia demonstration. Immediately following each testing condition, children ranked their enjoyment and completed a semistructured interview. Paired sample t tests examined motor skill and enjoyment differences in each age group. For both groups, no statistically significant differences were present for motor skill performance or participants’ enjoyment between the two demonstration conditions (p ≥ .05). Overall, 44.5% of participants preferred the multimedia demonstration, while 32.5% preferred the live demonstration. Mixed responses were reported by 22.5% of participants. Within age groups, younger participants preferred the multimedia demonstration more than older participants (multimedia = 50%, 41%; live = 23%, 41%, respectively). This study provides evidence that multimedia demonstration may be suitable for administration of the TGMD-2.

Leah E. Robinson, Kara K. Palmer, and Elizabeth Kipling Webster are with the School of Kinesiology at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI. Jacqueline M. Irwin, Abigail L. Dennis, Sheri J. Brock, and Mary E. Rudisill are with Auburn University, Auburn, AL.

Address author correspondence to Leah E. Robinson at lerobin@umich.edu.