Association Between Motor Ability and Handwriting Performance in Children With Probable Developmental Coordination Disorder

in Journal of Motor Learning and Development
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  • 1 The University of Texas at Arlington
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Handwriting is a core deficit in children with developmental coordination disorder (DCD). Fifty children were tested with the Movement Assessment Battery for Children, Second Edition; Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency, Short Form; Evaluation Tool of Children's Handwriting (ETCH); McMaster Handwriting Assessment Protocol; and Beery-Buktenica Test of Visual–Motor Integration (Beery–VMI–6). The results showed significant differences in components of the ETCH between groups (p < .05) and significant relationships between handwriting (ETCH and Beery–VMI–6) and motor ability measures (r > .30). We conclude that the ETCH and the Beery–VMI–6 are sensitive measures of handwriting ability for children with probable DCD, but more research is needed to identify a gold-standard assessment for evaluating handwriting in this population.

Melvin Ibana and Priscila Caçola are with the Department of Kinesiology, The University of Texas at Arlington, Arlington, TX.

Address author correspondence to Priscila Caçola at
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