Fundamental Movement Skills in Children With and Without Movement Difficulties

in Journal of Motor Learning and Development
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  • 1 University of Alberta
  • | 2 University of Regina
  • | 3 McGill University
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The performance of various fundamental movement skills is important for children with movement difficulties (MD) to be successful in physical education and play. The current study aimed to provide a detailed understanding of the aspects impaired in the performance of static and dynamic locomotor and object control skills among children with MD, identified with the Movement Assessment Battery for Children, relative to their same-aged peers without MD. Children, 7–10 years, were recruited from three elementary schools. Eighteen children with MD (mean age = 9.14 years, SD = 0.97) and 18 without MD (mean age = 9.12 years, SD = 0.97) participated in the study. Quantitative and qualitative aspects of their movement performance were assessed using the Test of Gross Motor Development (TGMD-2) and PE Metrics. Children with MD demonstrated significantly poorer performance than children without MD for locomotor skills on the PE Metrics and object control skills on both the TGMD-2 and PE Metrics. The findings of this study suggest that children with MD primarily demonstrate immature movement patterns, inefficient movement strategies, and impaired aspects of movement that impact their performance for dynamic object control skills.

Zimmer is with the University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada. Staples is with the University of Regina, Regina, SK, Canada. Harvey is with McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada.

Address author correspondence to Chantelle Zimmer at
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