The Validity and Reliability of Scales to Measure Perceived Movement Skill Competence in Iranian Young Children

in Journal of Motor Learning and Development
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  • 1 Kharazmi University
  • | 2 Deakin University
  • | 3 Tarbiat Modares University
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The aim of this study was to determine the validity and reliability of the Perceived Movement Skill Competence scales for Iranian children. In particular, the scales aligned with the second and third versions of the Test of Gross Motor Development and the active play skills. The total sample was 314 children aged 4–8 years (Mage = 6.1 years, SD = 1.1). From this, a random sample of 74 were recruited for face validity. The data from the remaining 240 children were used to establish construct validity using Bayesian Structural Equation Modeling. The data from a second random subsample of 126 children were used to investigate Perceived Movement Skill Competence reliability using ordinal alpha coefficients and intraclass correlations coefficients. The majority of children correctly identified the skills and understood most of the pictures. Internal consistency was very good (from 0.81 to 0.95) for all scales and subscales. Test–retest reliability was excellent with intraclass correlation coefficient values above .85. For construct validity, the initial hypothesized models for three-factor (i.e., locomotor, object control, and play skills) and two-factor (i.e., locomotor and object control) models showed a reasonable fit. The pictorial scales for Perceived Movement Skill Competence are valid and reliable for Iranian young children.

Arman and Bahram are with the Department of Motor Behaviour, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran. Barnett is with the Institute for Physical Activity and Nutrition, School of Health and Social Development, Faculty of Health, Deakin University, Burwood, Victoria, Australia. Bowe is with the Deakin Biostatistics Unit, Faculty of Health, Deakin University, Geelong, Victoria, Australia. Kazemnejad is with the Department of Biostatistics, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.

Arman (marziyeh.arman@gmail.com) is corresponding author.
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