Aging Effect on Manipulative Skills in Individuals With Down Syndrome

in Journal of Motor Learning and Development
View More View Less
  • 1 Mississippi State University
  • | 2 Arizona State University
Restricted access

Purchase article

USD  $24.95

Student 1 year online subscription

USD  $43.00

1 year online subscription

USD  $57.00

Student 2 year online subscription

USD  $81.00

2 year online subscription

USD  $109.00

Deficits in motor performance have been well documented in individuals with Down syndrome (DS). However, only a few studies have focused on manipulative skills and older adults in this population. Given the associations between manipulative skills and daily living activities, more work is needed to examine the aging effect on individuals with DS. A total of 54 adults with DS participated in this study. The results indicated that older participants showed more lateralization than younger participants. They exhibited superior dominant hand preference compared to younger participants. In addition, participants with DS with high verbal ability had better performance in manual dexterity and handgrip force. Therefore, in the clinical setting, assessing mental age may help in identifying individuals with DS at a higher risk of motor impairment. Future work should examine additional determinants with a large sample size to understand the development of manipulative skills in individuals with DS. Furthermore, additional studies are needed to investigate the associations between mental age and other cognitive functions and motor performance in this population.

Chen is with the Department of Kinesiology, Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS, USA. Ringenbach and Arnold are with the School of Health Solutions, Arizona State University, Phoenix, AZ, USA. Nam is with the Mary Lou Fulton Teachers College, Arizona State University, Mesa, AZ, USA.

Chen (chih.chia.chen@msstate.edu) is corresponding author.
  • Agnew, J., Bolla-Wilson, K., Kawas, C.H., & Bleecker, M.L. (1988). Purdue pegboard age and sex norms for people 40 years old and older. Developmental Neuropsychology, 4(1), 2935. doi:10.1080/87565648809540388

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Alfaro-Acha, A., Snih, S.A., Raji, M.A., Kuo, Y.F., Markides, K.S., & Ottenbacher, K.J. (2006). Handgrip strength and cognitive decline in older Mexican Americans. The Journals of Gerontology Series A: Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences, 61(8), 859865. doi:10.1093/gerona/61.8.859

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • American Society of Hand Therapists. (1992). American society of hand therapists clinical assessment recommendations (2nd ed.). Chicago: American Society of Hand Therapists.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Beqaj, S., Tërshnjaku, E.E., Qorolli, M., & Zivkovic, V. (2018). Contribution of physical and motor characteristics to functional performance in children and adolescents with Down syndrome: A preliminary study. Medical Science Monitor Basic Research, 24, 159167. PubMed ID: 30323163 doi:10.12659/MSMBR.910448

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Carvajal, H., Gerber, J., & Smith, P.D. (1987). Relationship between scores of young adults on Stanford-Binet IV and Peabody picture vocabulary test—Revised. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 65(3), 721722. doi:10.2466/pms.1987.65.3.721

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Chen, C.-C. (J.J.), & Ringenbach, S.D. (2019). Determinants of fine manual dexterity in adolescents and young adults with Down’s syndrome. International Journal of Developmental Disabilities, Advanced online publication. doi:10.1080/20473869.2019.1665783

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Chen, C.-C. (JJ), Ringenbach, S.D., Albert, A., & Semken, K. (2014). Fine motor control is related to cognitive control in adolescents with Down syndrome. International Journal of Disability, Development and Education, 61(1), 615. doi:10.1080/1034912X.2014.878532

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Chen, C.-C. (JJ), & Ringenbach, S.D. (2015). A pilot study for test–retest reliability of the Purdue pegboard test in adolescents and young adults with Down syndrome. Journal of Motor Learning and Development, 3(2), 151157. doi:10.1123/jmld.2015-0004

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Chen, C.C. (J.J.), Ringenbach, D.R.S., & Snow, M. (2014). Treadmill walking effects on grip strength in young men with Down syndrome. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 35(2), 288293. PubMed ID: 24317185 doi:10.1016/j.ridd.2013.10.032

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Cohen, J. (1988). Statistical Power Analysis for the Behavioral Sciences. New York, NY: Routledge Academic.

  • Darweesh, S.K., Wolters, F.J., Hofman, A., Stricker, B.H., Koudstaal, P.J., & Ikram, M.A. (2017). Simple test of manual dexterity can help to identify persons at high risk for neurodegenerative diseases in the community. Journals of Gerontology Series A: Biomedical Sciences and Medical Sciences, 72(1), 7581. doi:10.1093/gerona/glw122

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Gentier, I., D’Hondt, E., Shultz, S., Deforche, B., Augustijn, M., Hoorne, S., … Lenoir, M. (2013). Fine and gross motor skills differ between healthy-weight and obese children. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 34(11), 40434051. PubMed ID: 24036485 doi:10.1016/j.ridd.2013.08.040

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Germano, R.G. (2009). Avaliação da destreza manual em pessoas com síndrome de Down [Dissertação]. Mestrado em Distúrbios do Desenvolvimento) São Paulo: Universidade Presbiteriana Mackenzie.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Heffernan, K.S., Sosnoff, J.J., Ofori, E., Jae, S.Y., Baynard, T., Collier, S.R., … Fernhall, B. (2009). Complexity of force output during static exercise in individuals with Down syndrome. Journal of Applied Physiology, 106(4), 12271233. PubMed ID: 19164775 doi:10.1152/japplphysiol.90555.2008

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Hilgenkamp, T.I., van Wijck, R., & Evenhuis, H.M. (2012). Feasibility and reliability of physical fitness tests in older adults with intellectual disability: A pilot study. Journal of Intellectual and Developmental Disability, 37(2), 158162. PubMed ID: 22545938 doi:10.3109/13668250.2012.681773

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Jacobson, J., & Matthaeus, L. (2014). Athletics and executive functioning: How athletic participation and sport type correlate with cognitive performance. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 15(5), 521527. doi:10.1016/j.psychsport.2014.05.005

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Jansen, C.W.S., Niebuhr, B.R., Coussirat, D.J., Hawthorne, D., Moreno, L., & Phillip, M. (2008). Hand force of men and women over 65 years of age as measured by maximum pinch and grip force. Journal of Aging and Physical Activity, 16(1), 2441. PubMed ID: 18212392 doi:10.1123/japa.16.1.24

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Jeong, S.K., Nam, H.S., Son, M.H., Son, E.J., & Cho, K.H. (2005). Interactive effect of obesity indexes on cognition. Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders, 19(2–3), 9196. PubMed ID: 15591798 doi:10.1159/000082659

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • John, R., Dhanve, A., & Mullerpatan, R.P. (2016). Grip and pinch strength in children with Down syndrome. Hand Therapy, 21(3), 8589. doi:10.1177/1758998316649102

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Kim, H.I., Kim, S.W., Kim, J., Jeon, H.R., & Jung, D.W. (2017). Motor and cognitive developmental profiles in children with Down syndrome. Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine, 41(1), 97103. PubMed ID: 28289641 doi:10.5535/arm.2017.41.1.97

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Kubota, H., Demura, S., & Kawabata, H. (2012). Laterality and age-level differences between young women and elderly women in controlled force exertion (CFE). Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, 54(2), e68e72. PubMed ID: 21930309 doi:10.1016/j.archger.2011.06.027

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Lai, F., & Williams, R.S. (1989). A prospective study of Alzheimer disease in Down syndrome. Archives of Neurology, 46(8), 849853. PubMed ID: 2527024 doi:10.1001/archneur.1989.00520440031017

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Lin, C.H., Chou, L.W., Wei, S.H., Lieu, F.K., Chiang, S.L., & Sung, W.H. (2014). Influence of aging on bimanual coordination control. Experimental Gerontology, 53, 4047. PubMed ID: 24548774 doi:10.1016/j.exger.2014.02.005

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Marshall, S.N. (2007). The influence of sex and finger size on fine motor task performance (Unpublished master’s thesis). Carbondale, IL: Southern Illinois University at Carbondale.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Neeman M. (1986) The Purdue Pegboard: Its predictive validity for work potential of persons with mental retardation. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 40(6), 433434 doi:10.5014/ajot.40.6.433c

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Oliveira, C.C., Neto, J.L.C., & Tudella, E. (2016). Manual dexterity of children and adolescents with Down Syndrome: Systematic review of the literature. Journal of Genetic Syndromes & Gene Therapy, 7(4), 305. doi: 10.4172/2157-7412.1000305

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Oliver, C., Crayton, L., Holland, A., Hall, S., & Bradbury, J. (1998). A four year prospective study of age-related cognitive change in adults with Down’s syndrome. Psychological Medicine, 28(6), 13651377. PubMed ID: 9854278 doi:10.1017/S0033291798007417

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Oredugba, F. (2007). Oral health condition and treatment needs of a group of Nigerian individuals with Down syndrome. Down Syndrome Research and Practice, 12(1), 7276. doi:10.3104/reports.2022

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Peolsson, A., Hedlund, R., & Öberg, B. (2001). Intra-and inter-tester reliability and reference values for hand strength. Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, 33(1), 3641. PubMed ID: 11480468 doi:10.1080/165019701300006524

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Price, R.C. (2008). Determinants of manual dexterity in young adults. (Unpublished master’s thesis). Boulder, CO: University of Colorado.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Raji, M.A., Kuo, Y.F., Snih, S.A., Markides, K.S., Kristen Peek, M., & Ottenbacher, K.J. (2005). Cognitive status, muscle strength, and subsequent disability in older Mexican Americans. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 53(9), 14621468. PubMed ID: 16137273 doi:10.1111/j.1532-5415.2005.53457.x

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Silva, N.M.D., Blascovi-Assis, S.M., & Cymrot, R. (2019). Down syndrome: Manual dexterity and writing. Cadernos de Pós-Graduação em Distúrbios do Desenvolvimento, 19(1), 144162. doi: 10.5935/cadernosdisturbios.v19n1p144-162

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Smail, K.M., & Horvat, M. (2006). Relationship of muscular strength on work performance in high school students with mental retardation. Education and Training in Developmental Disabilities, 41(4), 410419.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Yamauchi, Y., Aoki, S., Koike, J., Hanzawa, N., & Hashimoto, K. (2019). Motor and cognitive development of children with Down syndrome: The effect of acquisition of walking skills on their cognitive and language abilities. Brain and Development, 41(4), 320326. PubMed ID: 30503574 doi:10.1016/j.braindev.2018.11.008

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Zigman, W.B. (2013). Atypical aging in Down syndrome. Developmental Disabilities Research Reviews, 18(1), 5167. PubMed ID: 23949829 doi:10.1002/ddrr.1128

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 105 105 68
Full Text Views 7 7 4
PDF Downloads 12 12 6