Motor Competence Performances Among Girls Aged 7–10 Years: Different Dimensions of the Motor Competence Construct Using Common Assessment Batteries

in Journal of Motor Learning and Development
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  • 1 Kharazmi University
  • | 2 Arak University
  • | 3 Tarbiat Modares University
  • | 4 University College Cork
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This paper aimed to investigate different dimensions of motor competence (MC) by using four commonly administered MC assessment tools (Test of Gross Motor Development-3, Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency-2 Short Form, Körperkoordinationtest Für Kinder, and Movement Assessment Battery for Children-2) in a sample of 184 girls (Mage = 8.61 years; SD = 1.21 years). This is the first study of its kind to shed light on different dimensions of MC, identifying them through rigorous and robust statistical analysis. The Delphi method was used to select the dimensions of MC. Confirmatory factor analysis was used to assess whether the dimensions loaded onto the same construct (i.e., MC). Face and content validity identified three dimensions of MC: fundamental motor skills, gross motor coordination, and motor abilities. Confirmatory factor analysis indicated an adequate fit for the final MC model with three dimensions. In this model, fundamental motor skills, gross motor coordination, and motor abilities loaded on the MC construct. The data reported present a revised definition of holistic MC, which comprises the level of motor abilities (physical proficiency and perceptual motor abilities) as well as gross motor coordination and fundamental motor skills proficiency, which underlie the performance of a wide range of tasks, including fine and gross motor activities in daily life.

Khodaverdi, Bahram, and Ghadiri are with the Department of Motor Behavior, Faculty of Physical Education and Sports Sciences, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran. Khalaji is with the Department of Motor Behavior and Sport Psychology, Faculty of Sports Sciences, Arak University, Arak, Iran. Kazemnejad is with the Department of Biostatistics, Faculty of Medical Science, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran. O’Brien is with the School of Education, Sports Studies and Physical Education Programme, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland.

Khodaverdi (sara.khodaverdi@ymail.com) is corresponding author.
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